What is Hajj and How is it Performed (2023)

What is Hajj?

 Hajj 2022

Hajj  is one of the main pillars of Islam, an annual spiritual experience that Muslims perform at least once in their lives to express their faith and devotion to Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala – His glory, exaltation).What is Hajj and How is it Performed (2022) Let us understand the rituals of Hajj that every pilgrim performs during his journey to Makkah.For More:Click Here

What is Hajj and Why is it important

“One of the five pillars of Muslim Muslim beliefs, Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca that must be done by every Muslim at least once in their lives if they are able; it is the most spiritual event experienced by a Muslim, who was observed, observing the ritual in The most sacred places in the Islamic world. ”

Hajj, in essence, means “Hajj” of the holy city of Mecca in Arabic and every Muslim during the first ten days of the holy month of Dhul-Hijjah each year, is the last month of the Islamic lunar calendar. . Known as one of the deepest deeds in Islam, Hajj teaches Muslims to show goodness, to show humility, to live in peace with themselves and to be sincere to Allah. There are three types of Hajj that a pilgrim can choose, namely:

What is Hajj and How is it Performed 2022

Hajj Al-Farad 

This is basically to perform the rituals of Hajj alone without sacrificial animal (Hadi) or the need for sacrifice. A pilgrim who performs this type of Hajj is called a Mufrid.

Hajj Al-Quran 

In this type of Hajj, both Hajj and Umrah are performed simultaneously in ihram. This form requires a sacrificial animal to complete the ritual. A pilgrim who performs this type of Hajj is called a qareen.

Hajj Al-Tamatu ‘-

The most common type of Hajj and one Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) encouraged his companions to do it. This means performing the rituals of Umrah during the Hajj season and then completing the stages of Hajj between the 8th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah.

Both are performed in a separate state of ihram, and a sacrificial animal is required to complete this form of Hajj. A pilgrim who performs this type of Hajj is called Mumti.

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Pilgrims can choose any of the three methods of that are convenient for them.

Rituals of Hajj – How to perform Hajj

what is hajj and why is it important

The rituals of faith performed by all the pilgrims during the spiritual journey to the Ka’bah are collectively known as the ritual Hajj, which lasts for five days from 8 to 12 Dhul-Hijjah.

Preparations for Hajj

Hajj begins on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah, when the pilgrims intend to perform the Hajj in ihram clothes.

2.Wearing ihram from meeqat – making the intention of Haram Sharif.

Before entering the Masjid al-Haram (the sacred boundary of Makkah) and crossing the Hajj, they must enter ihram and pass through five different areas of the meeqat within the limits of the Haram.

Below are the destination options and related meeqats for pilgrims going to Saudi Arabia for Hajj:

* Dhu’l-Halifah (Abyar Ali) Hajj is for pilgrims who first come to Saudi Arabia from or through Madinah.

Al-Jawfa (near Rabi ‘) is for pilgrims coming from Syria, Morocco or Egypt or its en route.

رن Qarn al-Manazil (Al-Sa’il al-Kabeer) is for pilgrims coming from Najd or Taif or on its way.

  • Yallam (Saadia) is for visitors coming from or through India, Pakistan or Yemen.
  • Dhat `Irq is for visitors from Iraq or its environs.

Pilgrims are obliged to enter ihram before departing from their place of residence and reaching the holy limits of Makkah, which is a necessary joint ritual for performing Hajj. The new one is the natural intention to perform the act of worship, while the talbiyyah is a special prayer which is said in the prayer of obtaining ihram.

All aspirants need to adhere to certain guidelines before entering the meeqat.

To become a mahram, a pilgrim must prepare himself for ihram, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

کرنا Performing Wudhu – Cleansing the body to achieve physical purity, which includes some acts of worship which are obligatory (mustahab) and others are better for ihram:

  1. Ghusl (recommended)

  2. II Applying perfume to the head and beard. (Recommended)

  3. III Finger and toenail trimming (preferred)

  4. IV Mustache Trimming (Preferred)

  5. Shaving unwanted body hair (preferably)

* Change in the sacred dress of two-piece white ihram sheets (Azar and Radha) for men and normal Islamic dress for women. Both men and women should wear flip flops or sandals that expose the middle bones of the middle foot.

* Performing two rak’ats of Salat-ul-Ihram while covering the head.

Pronouncing Niyah as you approach Meeqat

* For the next stage of Umrah, before going to Mecca, until the Tawaf begins, recite the talbiyyah repeatedly, passing through the meeqat stations in the sacred precincts of the Masjid al-Haram

. Performing Umrah rituals

Performing Umrah rituals

Pilgrims who intend to perform Hajj should combine the rituals of Umrah with Hajj.

Stages of Hajj

Below are the ten important rituals step by step.

  1. Re-entering ihram and making the intention of Hajj

After completing the rites of Umrah, the pilgrims have to take care of the state of ihram and announce the intention of Hajj.

Note: Repeat step 1 to prepare.


 Journey to Mina

Immediately after the morning prayer, all pilgrims should proceed to Mina (a town in Mecca), where they stay all day – Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha, Fajr and Qasr – as stated in the Qur’an Has gone


 Travel to the field of Arafat for ablution.

On the second day of Hajj, the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah, the pilgrims go to Arafat from Mina, asking for forgiveness and supplications. Arriving at Mount Arafat, the pilgrims combine Zuhr and Asr prayers from noon to sunset near Jabal al-Rahma. This process is called waqf (standing before Allah).


Praying in the fourth Muzdalifah

After sunset, pilgrims head to Muzdalifah (a town between Mani and Arafat) for evening prayers, and rest the night until the Fajr prayers to prepare for the ritual of stoning the devil the next day. Pilgrims carry 49 pebbles of the same size for Rami.

On the tenth Dhul-Hijjah, before sunset, the pilgrims leave for Mecca for Tawaf-e-Afaza and Sa’i, and return to Mani to perform Rami, Nahar and Haq.

  1. Perform rummy in semen.

On the 11th and 12th day of Hajj, it is necessary for the pilgrims to stone Satan or Rami. Before sunrise, the pilgrims return to Mina and participate in a ritual called ‘stoning the devil’. Seven pebbles (of the same size) are thrown on a stone structure known as Jamrat al-Aqaba. This is a process that is done every day at noon. All pilgrims should leave for Mecca before sunset on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah.

Animal Sacrifice – Canal

The end of the stoning ceremony calls for animal sacrifice. For this, the pilgrims can buy a voucher or a coupon stating that the sacrifice has been made in their name. The sacrificial animal is either a lamb or a camel. The animal is slaughtered and its meat is packaged and sent to other Middle Eastern countries or fed to the poor.


 Throat (shaving) or shortening (cutting or shortening hair for men and women)

Men should shave their heads completely, or cut their hair. While women are not allowed to shave their heads and are only allowed to lock or strap their hair. The act of cutting one’s hair is a sign of detachment from one’s appearance and complete obedience to Allah.


Perform Tawaf and Sa’i.

 Repeat stoning in Mina after sunset on 11th and 12th Dhul-Hijjah

Apart from Jamrat-ul-Aqaba, the stone-throwing ritual is repeated on two other monuments – Jamrat-e-Olah (first Jamrat) and Jamrat-e-Wasta (middle Jamrat). The pilgrims turn towards the Jamra (central pillar), which has Mecca on its left and Mina on its right. Saying Takbir, hit it with seven small pebbles.

Farewell Tawaf

The next and final step is the farewell circumambulation, circumambulating the Ka’bah seven times counterclockwise and touching or kissing the Ka’bah if possible. Pilgrims reflect on their experience and, while circumambulating the Ka’bah, give thanks to Allah for everything.

After completing the Tawaf, the pilgrims can proceed to collect their belongings, first leaving the Ka’bah with their left foot and praying. This last stage marks the end of the  ritual.


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